1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی و مدیریت ساخت، گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی(ره)، قزوین، ایران
2 استادیار، گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه بینالمللی امام خمینی(ره)، قزوین، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Climate change is one of the most important problems of the planet. Buildings, relying on non-renewable energy sources, account for 40% of the total energy consumed worldwide and 30% of the total carbon dioxide emissions. The construction sector in Iran accounts for 33.8% of energy consumption, among which the energy consumption in Iran's educational buildings is 2.5 times that of developed countries. Renovation of existing buildings helps to reduce energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions globally. In this research, the optimal reconstruction of an educational building located in Tehran was investigated using passive measures. In order to minimize the load of cooling, heating and the initial investment of the building for the current and future climate, the genetic algorithm with non-globe sorting was used in the jEPlus environment. In the optimization of the mentioned building, various options such as parameters related to the building cover, such as the type of insulation and its thickness and the type of glass used in the windows were considered and finally solar panels in order to reach the building with zero net energy. used. The passive option selected considering the current climate causes an 11.83% reduction in annual gas consumption due to heating and considering the climate of the decade 2080 causes a reduction of more than 1.15% in annual energy consumption due to cooling and a 40.4% reduction in consumption Annual gas emissions from heating and a 4.84% increase in cooling energy compared to the base model. The results show that the current optimal building cannot remain optimally in the future.